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Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Lab of Adele Diamond

Daphne Ling

Daphne Ling

Contact
Research Interests
Publications
Education and Training
Awards
Awards

Contact Info

E-mail:  daphne•ling@ubc•ca
Phone: 604•872•3074
Fax: 
604•822•7232
Address:
Detwiller - Room G842,
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Lab
Department of Psychiatry – UBC
2255 Wesbrook Mall,
Vancouver, BC V6T 2A1
  

Research Interests

Infants cared for in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) require specialized care to ensure the best possible health outcomes. Two programs which are aimed at providing comfort and which support growth and development are Kangaroo Care and cuddling. Kangaroo Care, also known as skin-to-skin, has been shown to be beneficial for the infant. Benefits found include a calmer infant, improved growth, reduced pain during some procedures, less time in the hospital (quicker to be discharged and healthier upon discharge), and improved sleep. When parents are not available to provide Kangaroo Care for the infant, some hospitals offer specially trained volunteers year-round to provide a service known as “cuddling.” This free service is important as parents often have commitments outside the NICU (e.g., other children) and can leave knowing a caring adult is comforting their baby in their absence. It is especially important for families caring for multiple-births in the NICU. Several hospitals across North America already have cuddling programs, but none have been investigated scientifically. I intend to study the effectiveness of this program to infants, parents, and the healthcare team for my doctoral dissertation, and will follow the progress of these children until they are 2 years old. I predict that a cooperative healthcare treatment plan that includes parental Kangaroo Care plus non-relative cuddling will produce better immediate and long-term physical and mental health outcomes for the infant than one where all the responsibility to comfort the child lies with the parent. I also predict that by sharing the responsibility of care, parents and nurses in the NICU will see a decrease in stress levels. It takes a village to start a baby and his/her family on the right path in life: I am proposing that path begins at birth, or before.

Publications - peer reviewed

Ling, D.S., Wong, C., & Diamond, A. (submitted). Double dissociation: Integrating color and shape aids conditional discrimination even though separating them aids card sorting.  Developmental Psychology.

Diamond, A., & Ling, D. S. (2018). Aerobic-exercise and resistance-training interventions have been among the least effective ways to improve executive functions of any method tried thus far. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. [Epub 14 June 2018 ahead of print] doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2018.05.001

- The article was chosen as a “must-read” for anyone interested in the association between chronic physical activity engagement and cognitive control:

Eliakim, A., Falk, B., Armstrong, N., Baptista, F., Behm, D. G., Dror, N., ... & Nemet, D. (2019). Expert’s Choice: 2018’s Most Exciting Research in the Field of Pediatric Exercise Science. Pediatric Exercise Science, 31, 1-27. doi.org/10.1123/pes.2019-0010

Ling, D., Tibbetts, G., & Scharfe, E. (2017). Once upon a time: Lessons learned from the benefits of Parent-Child Mother Goose. Child Welfare, 95, 9-31 (pdf)

Diamond, A., & Ling, D. S. (2016). Conclusions about interventions, programs, and approaches for improving executive functions that appear justified and those that, despite much hype, do not. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 34-48. doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2015.11.005   NIHMS:743147 (abstract) (pdf)
2nd top-rated paper in the journal
4th most downloaded paper in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience in the last 90 days (as of 25 April 2016)

Ling, D. S., Wong, C. D., Diamond, A. (2016). Do children need reminders on the Day-Night task, or simply some way to prevent them from responding too quickly? Cognitive Development, 37, 67-72 doi:10.1016/j.cogdev.2015.10.003   PMID:4776648   NIHMS:736453 (abstract) (pdf)

Im-Bolter, N., Johnson, J., Ling, D., & Pascual-Leone, J. (2015). Inhibition: Mental control process or mental resource? Journal of Cognition and Development, 16, 666-681. doi:10.1080/15248372.2014.930743 (pdf)

Im-Bolter, N., Zadeh, Z. Y., & Ling, D. (2013). Parenting beliefs and academic achievement: The mediating role of language. Early Child Development and Care, 183, 1811-1826. doi:10.1080/03004430.2012.755964 (pdf)

Book Chapters - peer reviewed

Diamond, A. & Ling, D.S. (in press). Fundamental questions surrounding efforts to improve executive functions (including working memory). In M. Bunting, J. Novick, M. Dougherty & R. W. Engle (Eds.), An integrative approach to cognitive and working memory training: Perspectives from psychology, neuroscience, and human development. New York, NY: Oxford University Press..

Ling, D.S., Kelly, M., & Diamond, A. (2016). Human-animal interaction and the development of executive functions. In L.S. Freund, S. McCune, L. Esposito, N.R. Gee, & P. McCardle (Eds.), Social Neuroscience of Human-Animal Interaction, (pp. 51-72). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/14856-004 (pdf)

Conference Presentations

Ling, D. S., Balce, K., Weiss, M., Murray, C., & Diamond, A. (to be presented June 23-27, 2019). Effects of low-dose versus normal-dose psychostimulants on executive functions in children with attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder. Poster accepted for presentation at the International Behavioural Neuroscience Society, Cairns, Australia.

Ling, D. S., Mitchell, J. R., & Diamond, A. (to be presented June 23-27, 2019). ‘Tis a mystery: People who are more physically fit have better executive functions, but most physical activity interventions have failed to produce benefits to executive functions. Poster submitted to the International Behavioural Neuroscience Society, Cairns, Australia.

Ling, D. S., Mitchell, J. R., & Diamond, A. (to be presented May 23-26, 2019). Is a positive human relationship key to whether a program or intervention improves executive functions? Poster submitted to the Association for Psychological Science (APS) Annual Convention, Washington, DC.

Abdelazim, S.*, Dhindsa, S.*, Ma, Y. T.*, & Ling, D. S. (March 30, 2016). A prospective longitudinal study on the impact of cognitive flexibility on crime rates, income, health, and higher education. Poster presented at the UBC Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Research Conference.
*Student mentee co-authors under the Undergraduate Research Opportunities: Research Experience Program

Li, J.*, & Ling, D.S. (March 21, 2015). The effect of short-term musical training on the executive functions of children from 6 to 8 years old. Poster presented at the UBC Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Research Conference.
*Student mentee co-author under the Undergraduate Research Opportunities: Research Experience Program

Ling, D.S., Wong, C., & Diamond, A. (Oct. 18, 2013). Double dissociation: Integrating color/ shape aids conditional discrimination but separating them aids card sorting in 3-year-olds. Poster presented at the Cognitive Development Society Meeting, Memphis, TN. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1748.2726 (pdf)

Ling, D.S., Wong, C., & Diamond, A. (May 17, 2013). Young children benefit from more time when performing the Day-Night task. Paper presented at the Northwest Cognition and Memory Conference, Surrey, BC.

Ling, D.S., Wong, C. & Diamond, A. (May 17, 2013). Double dissociation: Integrating color/shape aids conditional discrimination but separating them aids card sorting in 3½-yr-olds. Paper presented at the Northwest Cognition and Memory Conference, Surrey, BC.

Ling, D.S., Wong, C., & Diamond, A. (April 19, 2013). Young children benefit from extra time when performing tasks requiring inhibitory control. Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Seattle, WA. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2534.7042 (pdf)

Ling, D.S., & Scharfe, E. (June 4, 2011). Once Upon a Time: Using Songs and Stories to Change Mothers’ Perceptions of their Children’s Security. Poster presented at the Canadian Psychological Association’s Annual Convention, Toronto, ON.
Shortlisted for the Elinor Ames Award for Student Presentations, Developmental Section.  

Professional Magazines

Ling, D.S. (Summer, 2012). Brain Development and Learning Conference: Closing the research practice gap. Psynopsis, 34(3), 22-23.

Ling, D.S. (Fall, 2011). Preparing for life after your bachelor’s degree. Psynopsis (Student News), 33(4), 45.

 

Other Selected Publications (Media)

Ling, D.S. (1 September 2013). Being smart is not good enough, The Star, Education.

Ling, D.S. (6 February 2011). Reaching out to children through puppetry, The Star, Focus.

Ling, D.S. (23 January 2011). Ankle, point, The Star, Focus.

Ling, D.S. (3 October 2010). Figuring out Freud, The Star, Focus.

Awards and Honours

2018 – 21

Doctoral Award — Frederick Banting and Charles Best Canada Graduate Scholarship (CGS-D) to Honour Nelson Mandela

2017 – 18

Cordula and Gunter Paetzold Fellowship — The University of British Columbia

2016 – 17

Master's Award: Frederick Banting and Charles Best Canada Graduate Scholarship (CGS-M) to Honour Nelson Mandela

2015 UBC President’s Staff Award for Emerging Leadership
2011 Canadian Psychological Association’s (CPA) Certificate of Academic Excellence
2011 President’s Honour List: Graduating Class, Trent University

Education

Trent University Peterborough, ON B.Sc. (Honours), 2011 Psychology

Employment (Academic)

University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC Lab Manager
2014 - current
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Lab
Supervisor: Adele Diamond, PhD, FRSC
University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC Research Assistant
2011 - 2014
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Lab
Supervisor: Adele Diamond, PhD, FRSC
Langara College Vancouver, BC Part-time Marker & Teaching Assistant
2011 - current
Courses:
Fundamentals of Psychology I
Fundamental of Psychology II
Developmental Psychology (Middle Childhood & Adolescence)
Psychological Disorders
Trent University Peterborough, ON Research Assistant/    
Transcriptionist
2010-2011
Trent Language and Cognition Lab
(Supervisor: Nancie Im-Bolter, PhD)
Trent University Peterborough, ON Research Assistant
2010
Trent Action Cognition Lab
(Supervisor: Liana Brown, PhD)
Trent University Peterborough, ON Research Assistant
2009-10
Trent Brain, Memory and Emotion Lab
(Supervisor: Hugo Lehmann, PhD)
Trent University Peterborough, ON Research Assistant
2009-2011
Parent-Child Mother Goose study at Kawartha-Haliburton Children’s Aid Society
(Supervisor: Elaine Scharfe, PhD)

Professional Development

2015 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Music Therapy: First Sounds: Rhythm, Breath, Lullaby, & Environmental Music Therapy as a Noise Modulator: A Continuum of Care Training
2013 Community Social Pediatrics Symposium and Workshop: Working Together to Reduce the Impact of Toxic Stress
2008 Grief and Bereavement Counselling Workshop

Media Coverage

Diamond, A. and Ling, D.S. were featured in the article (24 June 2016) “Think twice before you…” in Research Features magazine published by Research Publishing International.

Yuen, M. K. (2013). Global Malaysians: Daphne Ling. The Star, 31 August, 2013.

#MyCareer: How Ontario university career services prepare students for the future (Oct 2012). Council of Ontario Universities Report.

Khaw, C. H. (Oct, 2007). Daphne Ling: Blogging on Causes and Believes. SURF! Magazine.

Radio: The Power of Blogging (re. raising funds for Siti Aisya) with Izmir Bahawi. Polyfonix, Melbourne, Australia. 19 May, 2007, 10:30pm MYT. Polyfonix Youth program on 92.3FM 3ZZZ

Grant Support

Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute (VCHRI) Innovation and Translational Research Award: “Effects of Low-dose versus Normal-dose Psychostimulants on Executive Functions in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder”

Co-investigator: Daphne Ling

PI: Adele Diamond

Other co-investigators: Margaret Weiss, & Candice Murray

Project period: 07/01/2016 – 06/30/2018 Total direct costs: $49,993 CAN

     To study whether the stimulant dose for controlling hyperactivity in patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is too high for aiding cognition. Most ADHD patients on stimulants are taking a dose targeting behavioural dysregulation (parents base feedback to doctors on the child’s behaviour; no one uses cognitive tests to determine dose). We’ll test the prediction that ADHD patients will perform better on attention, working memory, reading & math, when on half their dose.

This page last updated 22 Feb. 2019.